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Polish Pottery Stoneware - Casual dinnerware handmade in Boleslawiec, Poland.




Home > Articles & Advice > POTTERY

POTTERY




Pottery is one of the most enduring materials known to humankind. In most places it is the oldest and most widespread art; primitive peoples the world over have fashioned pots and bowls of baked clay for their daily use. Pottery is the oldest, the longest, the most widely diffused of human arts. Its recorded history begins with the building of Babel ; and great cities in all ages, notably all great American cities, are vast structures of pottery. Every people, civilized and barbarian, has practiced the art in one or another form.

A pot is a vessel intended to hold something. A potter is a man who makes pots of clay or rocky materials, which are afterwards either sun-dried or fire-baked. Pottery means all that is made by the potter, the term being extended to include not only all kinds of pots, but even such things as ornaments, flat plaques, statuettes, or bas-reliefs. The term pottery is often used in a restricted sense, and applied only to common earthenware or crockery, and sometimes to crockery and fine earthenware together.

Pottery comprises three major types of wares:  earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain. Pottery clay is the clay used to make the three categories of pottery. Clay is baked in a kiln under intense heat, a process known as firing, and becomes solid. Firing is used both to harden the clay and to adhere glaze to it or color it.

The first type of pottery, earthenware, has been manufactured using the same basic techniques since ancient times. Earthenware is basically composed of clay or a blend of clays that are baked firm. Because it is fired at low heat, the pottery clay retains its porous nature and does not become translucent. Earthen wares are porous and therefore not as strong as stone wares. Earthenware can be glazed, but it will never be as hard as stoneware-glazed surface. An earthenware-glazed dish will scratch or chip more easily than the harder surface of stoneware. Faience, delft, and majolica are all types of earthenware clays.

The second type of pottery, called Stoneware is generally a mixture of other clays. It  is relatively rich in vitreous material and has a high degree of plasticity, so it is very easy to manipulate. Stoneware is fired at so high a temperature (about 2185 degrees Fahrenheit) that it becomes as hard as stone and non-porous. In essence, it is man-made stone. Stoneware is extremely strong and will not absorb water. Because stoneware is nonporous, it does not require a glaze; when a glaze is used, it serves a purely decorative function. Stoneware dishes can be used in conventional and microwave ovens.

Porcelain, also called china, was invented by the Chinese and consists of feldspathic material incorporated in a stoneware composition. This pottery is actually made with a mixture of several other types of clay and minerals. It is generally composed of kaolin, ball clay, feldspar and flint. Porcelain is a very hard white ceramic which has been manufactured in China since the 600s, and in Europe since the 1700s. Porcelain is fired using very high heat, resulting in a white, nonporous pottery.  Porcelain is translucent; stoneware and earthenware is not.

History of Pottery

Pottery of the Ancient Mediterranean: By 1500 B.C. the use of glazes was known in Egypt. In Assyria and Neo-Babylonia, painted and glazed bricks were in common use. The Ishtar gate in Babylon, with its ceramic reliefs, is an early example of the majolica technique. The Greek vases are famous for symmetry of form and beauty of decoration. Of the Greco-Roman wares, the Arretine or Samian, was molded after first being turned on the wheel to the size of the mold, which carried the decoration in intaglio.  

Pottery of Asia: Painted pottery of the Neolithic period has been found in China. By the 2d cent. B.C. the Early Han period had developed a green glaze which may have come from the Middle East. In the Sui period and the T’ang period, porcelain began to be made and exported to Korea and Japan and to the Islamic world.

Pottery of Europe: In Europe there was little pottery of great aesthetic importance before the 15th cent., except perhaps some German stonewares. Majolica was mainly developed in Italy and from there spread to Spain, France, and to Holland. Majolica and stoneware were the main pottery forms in Europe until the advent of porcelain. 

Pottery of the Americas: Prehistoric pottery found in Peru, Mexico, and the SW United States reveals a high degree of skill in color, form, and decorative motifs. Baked-clay work by colonists in North America began in 1612 with the making of bricks and tiles in Virginia and Pennsylvania. In these states and among the Dutch settlers of New York, potteries were soon established. The first whiteware was made in 1684. A stoneware factory was opened in New York in 1735, and c.1750 the Jugtown pottery of North Carolina was first produced. Terra-cotta works were operating in Massachusetts and Pennsylvania after the middle of the 18th cent. Palatinate refugees produced slip-decorated and graffito earthenware, and their product formed the foundation of Shenandoah pottery. 

Modern Pottery: American art pottery flourished in the first half of the 20th cent., with works created by a variety of artisans. Many of the major artists of the 20th cent. created exquisite ceramic works. Especially notable are those by Picasso, Matisse, and Miró. In spite of the continuing development of mass-production techniques and synthetic materials, the demand for hand-crafted ware of fine quality has not diminished. A variety of artisans make utilitarian objects as well as works of art using many methods of pottery production.

We are proud to carry beautiful handmade pottery made by artisans in Boleslawiec, Poland. Polish pottery line is classified as high-density stoneware. Each item is made using white clay decorated with lead-free glazes. Our handmade stoneware dinnerware is lead-free, dishwasher, oven and microwave safe. There is an abundance of hand painted patterns to choose from.

Please see available items and patterns on the right.

Home > Articles & Advice > POTTERY


Glazed pottery or stoneware pots and pans were used in cooking daily food in many cultures across the world. Polish Pottery -  Stoneware dinnerware handcrafted and hand Decorated in Boleslawiec, in the South-West region of Poland. Stoneware is the most ideal cookware, as food prepared in these dishes retains its natural flavor. It can go from the oven to the table and then to the refrigerator or freezer. If you love handcrafted pottery and stoneware, we're sure you'll enjoy viewing the selection of casual dinnerware products we're offering. There are several factories in Boleslawiec that manufacture this beautiful pottery. Please click the links to browse our pottery ceramics or our Pottery bestsellers. Our Stoneware Pottery collection has a little bit of everything. Our handmade stoneware pottery, as sturdy as it is beautiful, comes in the variety of forms and patterns. Among many pieces of ceramics we offer are casual stoneware dinnerware sets, soup bowls, dinner plates, cereal bowls, ceramic spoon rests, ice cream bowls, bakers, coffee cups and large coffee mugs, large teapots, serving trays, Christmas pottery, serving and mixing bowls and soup tureens. We carry many stunning Polish pottery patterns including classic Peacock, Americana (stars and stripes) and Unikat. Large ceramic teapots, ice cream bowls and ceramic water pitchers are handcrafted into meaningful gifts that will last generations. This genuine stoneware is immensely practical and festive enough for entertaining as well as everyday use. A winning combination of function and beauty makes Polish ceramics pottery a striking addition to any stoneware dinnerware collection! We hope you will enjoy our beautiful handmade pottery items.


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Popular Patterns:
Place Settings w/Potbelly Mug
DINNERWARE SETS

Place Settings w/Potbelly Mug

Scalloped Trays
Casserole Dishes
Scalloped Trays

Casserole Dishes

Salad Bowls
Mixing Bowls, Medium
Salad Bowls

Mixing Bowls, Medium

Serving Trays
Deep Bowls w/Handles
Serving Trays

Deep Bowls w/Handles

Large Round Platters
Mini Square Bowls
Large Round Platters

Mini Square Bowls

Salad Bowls
Serving Trays, Round
Salad Bowls

Serving Trays, Round

Serving Trays
Soup Tureens - 101 oz
Serving Trays

Soup Tureens - 101 oz

Bullion Cup / Soup Bowl
Serving Bowls
Bullion Cup / Soup Bowl

Serving Bowls

Pitchers
Cereal / Soup Bowls 6.5"
Pitchers

Cereal / Soup Bowls 6.5"

Ice Cream Bowls
Serving Trays, Rectangular
Ice Cream Bowls

Serving Trays, Rectangular

Scalloped Quiche Dishes
Large Bowl with Foot
Scalloped Quiche Dishes

Large Bowl with Foot

Fluted Bowl, Large
Fluted Bowls
Fluted Bowl, Large

Fluted Bowls

Octagonal Bowls
Single Butter Dishes
Octagonal Bowls

Single Butter Dishes

8" Butter Dishes
Bread Plates / Dessert Plates 7.6"
8" Butter Dishes

Bread Plates / Dessert Plates 7.6"

Dinner Plates 10.75"
Serving Tray
Dinner Plates 10.75"

Serving Tray

Cheese Ladies
Mini Cheese Ladies
Cheese Ladies

Mini Cheese Ladies

Serving Platters, Small
Sugar Jars / Bows
Serving Platters, Small

Sugar Jars / Bows

Small Creamers
Ceramic Bowls
Small Creamers

Ceramic Bowls

Cake Shovels
Egg Holder/Candle Holder (Set of 2)
Cake Shovels

Egg Holder/Candle Holder (Set of 2)

Rectangular Trays
Salad/Pasta Bowls
Rectangular Trays

Salad/Pasta Bowls

Divided Bowls, Large
Divided Bowls, Small
Divided Bowls, Large

Divided Bowls, Small

Round Bakers with Handles
Apple Bakers
Round Bakers with Handles

Apple Bakers

Baking Dishes, Large
Baking Dishes w/Handles, Extra Large
Baking Dishes, Large

Baking Dishes w/Handles, Extra Large

Scalloped Quiche Dishes
Baking Dishes
Scalloped Quiche Dishes

Baking Dishes

Loaf Pans / Bakers
Oval Baking Dishes, Medium
Loaf Pans / Bakers

Oval Baking Dishes, Medium

Pie Plates  /  Pie Dishes
Casserole Dishes
Pie Plates / Pie Dishes

Casserole Dishes

Deep Baking Dish, Medium
Deep Baking Dish, Small
Deep Baking Dish, Medium

Deep Baking Dish, Small

Covered Baker w/handles, Large
Covered Baker w/handles, Medium
Covered Baker w/handles, Large

Covered Baker w/handles, Medium

Covered Baker w/handles, Small
Small Vases
Covered Baker w/handles, Small

Small Vases

Mini Square Bowls
Crosses
Mini Square Bowls

Crosses

Apple Bakers
Flower Pots
Apple Bakers

Flower Pots

Single Butter Dishes
8" Butter Dishes
Single Butter Dishes

8" Butter Dishes

Pitchers
Utensil Holders / Wine Coolers
Pitchers

Utensil Holders / Wine Coolers

Gravy Boats
Cookie Jars / Canisters 8"
Gravy Boats

Cookie Jars / Canisters 8"

Jars with Lid / Canisters 6"
Cheese Ladies
Jars with Lid / Canisters 6"

Cheese Ladies

Mini Cheese Ladies
Rolling Pins
Mini Cheese Ladies

Rolling Pins

Scoops
Ceramic Spoon Rests
Scoops

Ceramic Spoon Rests

Soup Ladles
Batter Bowl
Soup Ladles

Batter Bowl

Teapot Warmer & Spoon
Sugar Jars / Bows
Teapot Warmer & Spoon

Sugar Jars / Bows

Small Creamers
Cake Shovels
Small Creamers

Cake Shovels

Salt & Pepper Shakers
Baking Sheets/Cutting Boards
Salt & Pepper Shakers

Baking Sheets/Cutting Boards

Christmas Tree
Napkin Ring
Christmas Tree

Napkin Ring

Large Teapots
Small Teapots
Large Teapots

Small Teapots

Coffee Mugs 12oz
Potbelly Mugs 16 oz
Coffee Mugs 12oz

Potbelly Mugs 16 oz

Coffee Mug Set - 4pc
Cup & Saucer Set
Coffee Mug Set - 4pc

Cup & Saucer Set

Cups & Saucers 7oz
Small Creamers
Cups & Saucers 7oz

Small Creamers

Sugar Jars / Bows
Cake Shovels
Sugar Jars / Bows

Cake Shovels

Teapot Warmer & Spoon
Tea for One
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ZAKLADY CERAMICZNE BOLESLAWIEC
ZAKLADY CERAMICZNE BOLESLAWIEC